Are you overweight? Are there chances of you suffering from hypertension? Oh my God! Scary, isn’t it? These are the first thoughts that come to one’s mind, when people suffer from hypertension. But now there is nothing to worry about it!
What is hypertension?
- Hypertension is also referred to as high blood pressure.
- Hypertension is a state in which theblood pressurehigher than 140 over 90 mmHg (milli meters of mercury).
- Hypertension does not have any symptoms but many a times it leads to narrowing of blood vessels.
- Hypertension includes reduction of salt, alcohol.
Hypertension is categorized as Primary hypertension.
90 – 95% people are considered to have symptoms of primary hypertension. The remaining percentage of about 5- 10% are categorized under Secondary hypertension. This has symptoms such as chronic kidney diseases, kidney arteries.
Change in lifestyle and dietary plan can control and improve the blood pressure and reduces health complications. Treatment is often necessary for a patient suffering from high blood pressure. The treatment of benefit for the patients of hypertension is between 140/90 mmHg and 160/100 mmHg.
Hypertension results from genes. Blood pressure rises with the aging, and thus variations in blood pressure can be identified. Huge intake of salt, laziness in exercising etc can play a major role.
Hypertension results from a complex interaction of genes and environmental factors. Numerous common genetic variants with small effects on blood pressure have been identified, as well as some rare genetic variants with large effects on blood pressure, but the genetic basis of hypertension is still poorly understood.
Other factors such as consumption of caffeine and deficiency of vitamin D also have the possible role in increasing hypertension. Moreover obesity, contributes towards hypertension. The reason for primary hypertension is still unclear.
Whereas, secondary hypertension results from a knowable cause. Most common disease is related to kidney. Pregnancy, sleep apnea are some of the causes of secondary hypertension.
Do you observe your blood pressure more or less than the normal? Be aware that might be a sign of getting hyper tensed.
What Does the Systolic Blood Pressure Mean?
Heart contracts and pushes the blood in the arteries to all of the body parts. Its normal blood pressure is below 120. If it ranges from 120 – 139 it means that the person is suffering from prehypertension.
What Does the Diastolic Blood Pressure Mean?
If the pressure falls below 80, then it is considered to be a cause for hypertension.
The top reading in pre – hypertension ranges from 120mm,Hg – 139 mmHg, and the bottom reading goes from 80mmHg to 89 mmHg. Prehypertension may be the sign of forward warning causing high blood pressure.
Who Is at Risk of Prehypertension?
According to a research it has been proved that adults who are above 18 years of age often suffer from hypertension. Also, Cardiovascular diseases increase the risk of prehypertension in people.
When a person suffers from high blood pressure, organs are the most affected part of the human body. If the hypertension exceeds its level, following complications may arise:-
- Heart weakens itself, where it may stop reacting.
- A wall arises in the artery.
- Blood vessels in the kidney start getting narrow, which may result in heart stroke or heart attack. As the heart creates maximum pressure, arteries should be maintained properly so as to ensure that the blood flows easily throughout the body.
- There might be vision problem in the eyes where blood vessel gets damaged or it may start bleeding which can lead to blindness.
Diagnosis for hypertension:-
Hypertension is diagnosed by consulting a physician and regular checkups are a must. High reading while diagnosing is not taken because it is measured on separate days separately.
Serious measurements should be taken for the reading of blood pressure even at home with a self measurement device.
Maintaining a healthy blood pressure level:-
To maintain a healthy blood pressure level, patients should take following steps
- Body weight should be kept healthy.
- Healthy diet should be followed by eating fruits, vegetables and low fat dairy products.
- Intake of salt should be reduced.
- Aerobics exercise should be included in your daily routine for atleast 30 minutes a day.
- Drinking of alcohol should be minimized – lighter weight alcohol is prescribed for men with maximum of 2 drinks and 1 drink for the women.
- For adults normal body weight should be maintained.
- Sodium intake should not be more than <100 mmol/day
- Aerobic activity should be included.
- Diet rich food should be taken.
- Hypertension in new born is caused around 0.2 to 3% however it not measured daily in new born babies.
A healthy body and a healthy mind are a lethal combination! Eat healthy, stay healthy and live longer!