Adult incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. Though this disorder can happen at any age yet the elderly men and women are the ones who are affected the most. About 30% elderly women and 15% elderly men suffer from adult incontinence. Enuresis (repeated inability to control urination) can happen suddenly and might be even temporary. But at times it might be a sign of a bigger medical issue like diabetes, enlarged prostate, urinary tract infection, pelvic organ prolapse disorder, neurological disorders or bladder cancer. Hence one must never take incontinence lightly. Consult your physician as soon as you feel the symptoms of enuresis.
Adult incontinence is one of the most unreported disorders. At times people take it lightly or they are too embarrassed to visit a doctor. Thus in most cases it remains untreated and can lead to severe health issues which might be incurable. Now the treatment or the ways to control adult incontinence depends on the type of incontinence. There are several different types of incontinence:
- Urge incontinence: is the involuntary leakage of urine after an impossible and irrepressible need to urinate. Nocturnal incontinence is the most common type of urge incontinence.
- Stress incontinence: whenever intra-abdominal pressure increases, due to coughing, sneezing, laughing, bending, or lifting, involuntary leakage of urine occur known as stress incontinence.
- Overflow incontinence: At times a person is unaware that his bladder has overflown. In such situations involuntary leakage occurs; though the volume of leakage is small, but leaks may be constant, resulting in large total losses.
- Functional incontinence: The inability to reach the toilet pan or to understand the need to urinate resulting in leakage is known as functional incontinence.
There are different reasons for adult incontinence. They main reasons are:
- Weakness in pelvic muscle in men and women.
- Overactive bladder in children and young adults.
- Functional disorders such as stroke and dementia in older people.
The treatment that you will receive will depend upon the type and the severity of the symptoms. But regardless of the type and symptoms there are certain general measures to check adult incontinence:
- Change your lifestyle [monitor the time, volume and quality of fluid intake]
- Pelvic muscle exercises
- Bladder training
Besides you must also use rubber pads to protect your bed sheets against urination. Then you can go for a nighttime brief. These are highly absorbent and washable. Whatever it maybe, even if you haven’t discovered any symptoms, if you notice any body malfunction report to your nearest physician now.
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